Gem United Tieto and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention apply block chains in the field of health care

nnIn the United States, Gem is working with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and European technology services firm Tieto to bring the benefits of the chain chain to the health care industry. In fact, the block chain can not be tampered with the characteristics of the medical community has been the concern, because this property is conducive to better storage of medical data and make patients master their own data, to develop personalized care. This is also the goal Gem and its partners want to achieve.n
nTranslated by: Inan
Block chain is about to enter the field of health care.n
In the past year, the call to the medical community to accept the block chain of the growing voice.n
A pilot at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Media Lab has achieved significant results in a project with the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston. The project launched a block-chain application – creating a treatment book for eHealth records.n
Gem, now based in Venice, Calif., Is introducing block-chain technology into a wider range of applications through work with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and European technology service company Tieto.n
Gem announced on September 25 that it will work with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to form a block-chain application development team with 27 members.n
At the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, researchers are exploring how to manage population health and cope with disasters by putting data collection and analysis operations into block chains.n
According to Gem CEO Micah Winkelspecht, this unchangeable account has obvious benefits in the event of a disease outbreak.n
Its analysis focuses on disaster relief and response. According to Winkelspecht, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is most concerned about the impact of environmental damage on population health.n
In particular, the data that has been collected will encounter the damage that CDC needs to solve. Putting data into immutable block-chain books helps to ensure data transparency and accuracy.n
At the same time, Gem and Tieto another cooperation with the project more widely. Tieto is involved in the creation of the Nordic medical system and now hopes to create a patient recording system based on the block-chain technology provided by Gem.n
By partnering with Tieto, Gem is taking the first step so that users have more of their own data and who knows who they want to share with the data.n
Winkelspecht said:n
n”We are creating a consent management solution for data sharing in the chain chain, and it is necessary to get the user’s consent to the other party / another hospital or to share it with it.”n
nThis is mainly due to the “General Data Protection Regulations” (General Data Protection Regulation) promulgated, the regulations will take effect in Europe next year.n
The regulations require individuals to have their own information and specify how they should manage, share and store data and how technology companies and third parties seeking to purchase such information should use them.n
Winkelspecht said:n
n”The reality is that your data is constantly being transferred between parties and is bought and sold without your knowledge.We believe that the General Data Protection Ordinance will return the data to the user to enable it to see the data Management and decide who to share data with. “n
nSpecifically, Gem and Tieto’s projects will link the genetic data stored in the Nordic bioinstructions, the hospital’s personal health records, and individual citizens to create personalized medical records to achieve more personalized care and treatment.n
The purpose of this idea is to give citizens the right to agree to associate their genetic data with their personalized health records without using an anonymous means so that patients can receive better treatment.n

The CFTC expects the block chain to change its way of monitoring the market

nnTrap: The Trump government is committed to modernizing the federal government’s business and trying to manage government affairs like Silicon Valley technology giants. But data management is a daunting job for many regulators such as the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), but it is also an indispensable task. As a result, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) is currently conducting early testing in response to this modernization initiative, hoping to use the emerging technology of block chain technology to help the regulator better analyze large amounts of data and improve market regulation the way.n
nTranslation: Clovern
Today, government agencies that are struggling with data management can monitor corporate transactions in real time – but the plan is going through the test of the complex procurement process.n
Trump government is committed to the modernization of the federal government business, and strive to manage government affairs like Silicon Valley technology giants.n
The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), a market regulator, is conducting early testing of this modernization initiative. The regulator wants to use the block chain (the bottom-level capitalization of digital currency bitmaps, and is increasingly used by financial institutions to record and track transactions) to help the organization better analyze large amounts of data.n
Experts say the process required to procure new technology may hamper the ability of government agencies to test innovative products, which allows government agencies to use only outdated and inefficient systems.n
Jeff Bandman, who has been a CFTC financial and technical adviser before this year, said:n
n”When you know exactly what you want and how it works, the purchasing process will work well, but when you try to understand the power of a new technology, these processes may not work well effect.”n
nBandman set up the Bandman Advisors consulting firm after leaving the CFTC. He said that these procurement processes often prompted government agencies to take a cautious approach in order not to waste taxpayers’ money on any role.n
The CFTC has about 700 employees and has been given new responsibilities after the financial crisis. The regulator is now responsible for overseeing most of the 483 trillion global swaps market, so it is necessary to analyze piles of data while closely observing the market to prevent misconduct and maintain market stability.n
For a long time, the agency has been distressed by data management. A report issued by the Office of the Inspector General of the CFTC earlier this year accused the Committee of collecting data on market activity, saying that the current data is “largely unavailable”. The report states that “the valuation of the day-to-day market system is outdated; the value is illogical or impractical; the product classification is incorrect; the liquidation status is incorrect; the fixed ID format is infeasible and disorderly.”n
To achieve the modernization of management, CFTC Chairman J. Christopher Giancarlo proposed a plan to invest in financial technology (such as block chain technology). In his speech in May, he announced the plan, saying:n
n”The CFTC was stalled in the twentieth century, and we had to broaden the door of our institutions and open up regulatory thinking to benefit from financial and technological innovation.”n
nGiancarlo praised the advantages of using block-chain technology, enabling the CFTC to access transaction data for regulated transaction participants in real time rather than sorting out transaction data to understand market conditions after the completion of such transactions.n
R3 is based on the block chain technology, financial platform providers, there are already more than 80 financial companies to use the platform. “In the current system, regulators rely entirely on the regulators to provide information to them,” he said, adding that if the CFTC joins the alliance, the agency’s market regulator will be able to understand the real-time transactions of its governing firms data. R3 has such a close relationship with financial regulators in other places (including Canada, Hong Kong and Singapore).n
Daniel Gorfine, chief innovation officer at CFTC, said the current committee officials are discussing joining the chain chain alliance, R3 is a coalition that it is discussing. He said that the cost is not the main obstacle, the technology is relatively unsuccessful nature of the test makes such an investment in the present is an adventure.n
Gorfine said:n
n”We may have adopted this technology in the future, but at the moment we just want to learn and better understand the technology that supports these different chains of chains.”n
nThe CFTC announced last week that Gorfine will also serve as the principal staff of the Agency’s Technical Advisory Committee, which will be headed by Brian Quintenz, the new Republican commissioner. Since February 2016, the committee has not held any meetings.n
Difficult to judgen
If the CFTC decides to join a chain chain alliance, the alliance will have to go through a series of so-called job plans of the US General Services Agency to set a service price, and the provider needs to be approved and registered as a government contractor. And the institutions that have gone through this series of processes have called it a waste of time for the Kafka-style barrier, and it is impossible to determine whether or not it is approved.n
Counselor Mercury Strategies Partner, CFTC Member Sharon Bowen Former Assistant Justin Slaughter mentions the rules that Congress has designated for decades to prevent corruption and government waste, and says:n
n”We have set a lot of restrictions on purchases, and these rules are very good, but these restrictions make it difficult for the government to purchase cutting-edge technology, and we are always lagging behind other peers.”n
nIn recent years, the cost of overruns of government agency technology projects and the erroneous deployment of technical projects have deepened the concerns of Congress and the Office of Government Responsibility to prevent waste.n
David Powner, director of information technology at GAO, cited several major government technology projects before the House Oversight Committee, which, despite spending huge sums, failed to meet its goals. He mentioned that the US Department of Veterans Affairs wanted to upgrade its patient program, but its estimated expenditure reached $ 127 million, and the project was canceled in 2009, referring to the modernization of the Personnel Administration’s retirement system Project, the project spent $ 231 million after the cancellation in 2011.n
The research firm Standish Group International conducted a study of the federal government IT project between 2007 and 2016 and found that only 3% of the large federal government IT projects were successfully completed – the report’s definition of success is: Plan to complete, meet user expectations and remain within budget.n
However, the federal government’s spending on technical projects is still being criticized for having a little higher than originally planned. The Trump government allocated $ 96 billion in federal government information technology projects in the 2018 budget, up from $ 94 billion in 2017.n
Giancarlo’s claim for upgrading CFTC technology may be supported by the agency, which also wants to take a slice of the technology. Kathleen Hamm is a senior strategic advisor to CEO of Promontory Financial Group’s network solutions at IBM’s consulting firm. According to her previous experience as Deputy Minister of Finance of the Obama administration, she said that to be successful, the government’s technical projects needed close cooperation with senior management.n

Miners’ debate over the economic system of the Byzantine Byzantine economy continued

nnThe Battle of the Byzantium, which was originally scheduled to be activated at the end of October, sparked a new round of controversy, which is still ongoing. The upgrade is designed to improve the functionality of the Ethernet network and shorten the time required to “mine” the transaction block, but at the same time, the reduction in the mining time will reduce the value of the currency, and the upgrade code patch will The mine was reduced from 5 ETH ($ 1,200) to 3 ETH ($ 840), which greatly increased the difficulty of mining miners, which triggered the controversy. As of press time, this argument continues, the result is not clear.n
nTranslation: Clovern
Some of the developers and miners between the developers and the miners for the upcoming upgrade to the details of the network to improve the details of the existence of the ongoing controversy.n
The discussion, which began in July, is currently related to the ETA 649 agreement, which aims to shorten the time required to “mine” the trade block, and the miners will create a new currency through the transaction block mining process ( Ethertail original encrypted currency) as the return of mining.n
The key to the current controversy is that after migrating to a network called “Byzantium”, the mining time will increase by about 10 seconds compared to the current mining time. However, to ensure that this will not reduce the value of the currency (the current price of about $ 300), the code patch will reduce mine miners’ bonuses from 5 ETH ($ 1,200) to 3 ETH ($ 840).n
Looking back, this change can be seen as a response to the long-standing controversy over the ether-square agreement known as the difficulty bomb.n
Difficult Bomb is the difficulty of increasing gradually, and pre-configured in the agreement, designed to make the mining blocks are not timeliness. However, while the purpose of the code is to motivate miners to go to another different chain at the time of bifurcation, critics worry that the reduction in this program, along with block mining incentives, can have diametrically opposed effects.n
Because this change will affect different stakeholders in different ways, it is difficult for everyone to agree with this idea. Some critics even describe EIP as an attack on miners, and miners need to use more resources to tap more difficult blocks to get more returns.n
This controversy continues at the time of writing, although it is not clear at the moment whether these posts are representative of directly related stakeholders, and if they do represent these stakeholders, their approval will allow the Byzantine to be upgraded The end of October activation) and the direction of the dialogue to change.n
The current debate can also be seen as a continuation of the differences in earlier agreements (called EIP 186). CoinDesk made a detailed introduction to the renewal of the agreement earlier this year, and the EIP protocol update was intended to reduce block mining incentives to counter currency inflation – a code patch that was widely accepted by the community and therefore penetrated EIP protocol.n
However, given the Byzantine escalation mechanism, this semantic debate may become an interesting topic for the future. When a new code is introduced for hard bifurcation, the miner can choose to move to a block chain with a new rule set or continue digging an old version of the block chain.n
It is worth mentioning that there was a similar bifurcation in 2016, when some miners disagreed, refused to leave the old version of the block chain, continue to mine now known as the “ether square classic (ETC)” encryption currency Then

Hitachi and Mizuho reached a chain development chain

nnMizuho Financial Group (Mizuho Financial Group) and Hitachi Technology Group (Hitachi) reached a cooperation, the development of supply chain management block chain platform. It is reported that the two companies on Thursday announced the construction of the open source superbook (Hyperledger) chain chain alliance on the technology to test the system, the use of immutable books to record orders, invoices and other ways to collect Business-related data, thus simplifying the process required for product ordering.n
nTranslation: Clovern
Mizuho Financial Group is working with Hitachi Technology Group to develop a chain-chain platform for supply chain management.n
The two companies announced last Thursday that they agreed to test the system built on the technology of the Hyperledger chain-chain alliance to determine whether an invisible ledger could be used to record the order, Invoices and other business-related data collected in other ways.n
According to the two companies, the ultimate goal is to develop a record that contains each transaction, and anyone in the company can access the record, thus simplifying the process required for product ordering.n
At present, the Hitachi ordering process includes product ordering, order confirmation, invoice creation, and invoice approval. However, due to technical limitations and reliability issues, this process did not work as expected.n
Hitachi intends to incorporate its Lumada Internet of Things platform into testing to help it collect data and continue to build commercial products.n
It is worth mentioning that this is not the first time that Mizuho has tested the block chain platform for the use case, and the company has recently completed a trade finance test with a number of institutions. Other test items include incentive programs and research laboratories in the United States.n

The FICO patent application imposes a plan to monitor the spot currency exchange

nnFICO credit scoring system in the exploration of how to collect Bitcoar exchange information, the development of new anti-money laundering products, and applied for a patent. In addition to Bitcoin exchange information, this programmable information acquisition system can also be used for other types of data.n
nTranslation: Annie_Xun
Recent public documents show that the FICO credit scoring system is exploring how to collect information on Bitcoin exchanges and develop new anti-money laundering products.n
The FICO patent application issued on September 21 details the programmable system that discovers illegal transactions and does check markings. Related information can be used to create a “threat assessment” used by bank anti-money laundering experts.n
The document describes how the system is used to track Bitcoin exchange information and improve the scoring system.n
n”Because of the limited interaction between emerging payment systems, such as mobile phones and encrypted currencies and traditional financial institutions, it is found that there is limited opportunity for money-laundering activities, and for cloud-based data storage, multiple data sources are integrated, including legal and illegal Special currency exchange institutions and institutions related to mobile payment and remittance networks “.n
nFICO said, “it is important to collect information and management of legitimate exchanges and managers (such as miners), which means that the system can be used for other Bitcoin ecosystems outside the exchange operator.n
The document says that such information may be collected in a secret, “the information of the legitimate Bitcoin operator will help the AML threat assessment to understand the relevant behavior and find a behavior that may indicate a new illegal use (can not know the operator)”.n

Barclays joined the CLS block chain alliance

nnThe cash settlement company CLS Group created a foreign exchange chain chain alliance, with “CLS Net” platform to provide global currency transactions in six different block chain. The platform will be parallel to existing Swift solutions, and customers can choose to use it. Barclays, as a financial institution that recently joined the alliance, hopes to be able to progressively integrate technology and make “harmony” with innovation and Swift Forex services.n
nTranslation: Annie_Xun
Barclays is a financial institution that recently joined the cash settlement company CLS Group to create a Forex trading chain chain alliance.n
The London-based bank will work with other members of the consortium, including JPMorgan Chase and Goldman Sachs, to bring new levels of efficiency and security to the foreign exchange settlement industry. The CLS Alliance, which was first announced last year, uses the Hyperledger fabric chain to create new foreign exchange channels.n
Last year, at the Swift Annual Sibos Conference, the Alliance Block Chain Platform was designed to provide new forms of trading for 140 global currency transactions by buyers and sellers, which are currently out of the CLS settlement service.n
Lee Braine, of CTO’s office at Barclays Investment Bank, said the agency’s interest in the project was partly due to the fact that the CLS platform would be parallel to existing Swift solutions, at least for the time being, rather than forcing customers to use it.n
n”People can connect through the Swift or new distributed account technology connection mechanism, so you have a choice.”n
nThe CLS Net platform is expected to allow participants to use six different block-chain products for global currency transactions.n
This network service provides a new line of business for CLS, the traditional approach is to use the internal and 18 currency real-time net settlement system connected to the payment settlement system.n
CLS representatives confirmed that the block chain function expansion “is progressing smoothly.”n
Block chain evolutionn
With regard to the reasons for attracting Barclays to join the CLS alliance, Braine points to the need to “coexist” with Swift Forex Services.n
Braine did not mention the chain of “big bang” implementations (all affiliations transition to block-based systems), he described a hierarchical integration system that could benefit the federation.n
He divides the “progressive roadmap” into 10 layers, and the lowest-level block-chain application only needs to embed the existing technology into the third-party block chain vendor. While the highest level is that the transaction is entirely dependent on the distributed books, there is no centralized backup system.n
Braine wants Barclays to learn how relevant knowledge in the real world can provide references to other block-chain projects.n
n”We guess the different use cases of banks will be at different levels of integration, but still can participate.”n

Block chain supervision in the wave of Gibraltar released ICO announcement

nnPost Comment: Gibraltar Financial Services Committee announced that it would develop a regulatory framework for encrypted currency trading. Future ICOs may also go into regulatory areas where consumers must be wary of ICO’s speculation and risk. Many countries around the world began to regulate such financing activities, but the development of block chain technology is still a lot of countries attention and support.n
nTranslation: Annie_Xun
The Gibraltar Financial Services Commission, a financial regulator of the UK’s overseas territories, has announced a new regulation aimed at regulating the money trading industry.n
In a September 22 statement, the committee said that in January 2018, a new block chain corporate regulatory framework would be adopted, which would use the chain chain “to store and transfer values ​​that belong to others.” The agency said the ICO may be included in the regulatory review in the near future, “taking into account the complementary regulatory framework, covering tokens to promote and sell, combined with the Distributed Letters (DLT) framework.”n
The committee said that ICO investment projects are currently unregulated, that is, investors can not resort to any form of financial compensation scheme or Ombudsman.n
The statement aroused public vigilance to ensure that they know the “high speculation and risk” of coinage sales financing.n
n”ICO is an unregulated business or project financing approach, usually at an early stage, and often the products or services of a company or project are not yet fully designed, built or tested, but are available for operational benefits.”n
nOver the past few months, a number of agencies around the world have issued similar ICO project risk warnings. China is directly prohibiting this way of financing, some local encrypted currency exchange has stopped service.n
However, the DLT in other government agencies appears to be developing, such as the August Gibraltar Stock Exchange announcing plans to become the world’s first regulated exchange to use the chain chain for securities trading and settlement.n

Europe’s largest port to set up a chain of chain research laboratory

nnPost Comment: Rotterdam port will set up a block chain laboratory to study the role of block chain in port logistics and other aspects. The research carried out by the laboratory will not be limited to shipping, but will also explore energy transactions. Authorities believe that this will help them truly innovate, develop new economies through new technologies, and confident in the role of the laboratory.n
nTranslated by: Inan
Rotterdam, the Netherlands, is the largest port in Europe and is setting up a laboratory dedicated to the research of block chain technology.n
The laboratory, named “BlockLab”, is envisioned as a “regional private sector knowledge center” for applied research, jointly organized by Rotterdam and port authorities to investigate the blocklelt chain to more effectively organize port logistics and cargo delivery potential.n
According to the press release, its first steps include the introduction of a chain-chain application developed jointly with the cloud software company Exact and the ABN AMRO to assist the port logistics sector in equity financing.n
Maarten Struijvenberg, vice mayor of Rotterdam, commented:n
n”Although the block chain is very hot, but in fact, the operation is completely normal application is not much.We will change this situation through BlockLab.This is very important, because we need real innovation to create a new economy, and Block chains can help us achieve that. “n
nHowever, the study carried out by BlockLab is not just about the port. The release also revealed its interest in exploring the chain of energy transfer, for example, enabling the company to trade surplus heat so that city dwellers could trade electricity.n
This is not the first move in the area of ​​the block chain. Last year, the port authorities announced that they would join together with 14 major banks and universities to join a chain-chain alliance to explore the chain-chain opportunities in logistics.n

Nigerian central bank deputy director: digital currency wave “can not be terminated”

nnA recent deputy director of the Nigerian Central Bank said at a meeting that the chain of chains and the wave of digital currencies could not be terminated. Other experts have also expressed a similar view, that is, regardless of whether the country supports this technology must face the problem. From the situation in Nigeria, the country for this new technology is still more cautious, but more interested, may achieve some development.n
nTranslated by: Inan
It is reported that the Nigerian Central Bank is more carefully observed block and digital currency.n
According to a report by the Guardian this week, Musa Jimoh, deputy director of the Nigerian Central Bank, recently spoke at a digital currency conference in Lagos, Nigeria’s largest city. At that time, Jimoh said the Nigerian central bank was preparing to write a white paper on the subject.n
The most noteworthy is that Jimoh describes the reasons for doing this research, pointing out that the central bank “can not stop the block chain technology and its derivatives produced by the wave.” This comment also takes into account monetary policy and banking regulation in other countries.n
Jimoh also pointed out in his speech that the nature of the technology – the user has access to the block link data, the private key – to create a “unrestricted and can not be confiscated” in the form of money.n
In addition, other participants had a positive attitude towards the progress of the technology in Nigeria. Other topics discussed by the conference include how block chains will achieve cross-border payments and investment risks associated with this emerging technology.n
Dr. David Isiawe, President of the Nigerian Information Security Association, also expressed the same view. He has said, “Whether or not we like this technology”, it is the country leaders must face the reality.n
This statement echoes the technology in Nigeria’s increasingly recognized status quo and the problems in mature markets. So far this year, Nigeria’s regulators (including the central bank) have twice warned against the technology.n

Sierra Leone focuses on the development of national block chain programs

nnYesterday morning, Sierra Leone Foreign Minister Samura Kamara (Samura Kamara) at the United Nations General Assembly announced the country to achieve a huge leap in digital national plans, for the first time with RippleNami reached a partnership to deploy block-chain data Visualization system solutions to make Sierra Leone the first African “smart country”. The partnership will start with the creation of a national economic identity certification service to increase the chances that the citizens of the country will be provided with services by the Government and achieve a wider range of financial delicacy as a whole, which represents the largest block to date in West Africa Chain integration project.n
nTranslation: Clovern
The success of the Republic of Sierra Leone in the establishment of a new chain-chain partnership will be the backbone of the development of its new “smart country” program.n
This morning, Sierra Leone Foreign Minister Samura Kamara announced at the UN General Assembly that:n
n”Today, we have announced a huge leap in the digital state program, and Sierra Leone has finally been able to gain economic independence and actively participate in global market competition while promoting national life.” Camara continues: “The history of Sierra Leone is proud of , We have a first partnership with RippleNami to deploy a block-chain data visualization system solution that enables Sierra Leone to generate, own, collect, analyze and process data across the country – making Sierra Leone the first ‘smart country’ in Africa ‘.n
nRippleNami specializes in handling large data sets, making these data easy to understand. By connecting users to millions of real-time data points through a map-based graphical interface, RippleNami’s cloud platform connects people with information about their neighborhoods, cities, and even underdeveloped areas. In addition to the Government of Sierra Leone, RippleNami has partnered with Data Edge Revenue, a systems integrator based in Freetown, Sierra Leone, dedicated to bringing the Spanish digitization process to West Africa.n
This partnership will begin with the creation of a national economic identity certification service. The proof of identity will provide citizens with digital certificates and establish a collection system designed to increase citizens’ access to government services and achieve a wider range of financial benefits as a whole.n
Jaye Connolly-LaBelle, president and chief executive officer of RippleNami, told ETHNews:n
n”Sierra Leone private sector entities and government agencies will be the first to master the data into the market to compete on an equal footing.Although the data is the currency of today’s global economy, modern analytical tools make resource management more efficient and efficient, thereby increasing its value by ten times. “RippleNami visualization technology makes it easier for consumers to access valuable scarce resources and services while helping businesses and government agencies make better allocation decisions and increase transparency in less time.”n
nWith RippleNami’s proprietary software, block-chain transactions will help users detect patterns and identify new trends in less time. When this technology is applied to countries such as Sierra Leone, as the country is trying to go beyond the traditional information and communication technology, and one is still in the emerging state of the block chain technology era, almost every country in the country or industry can Get value to enhance. The program also includes a unique service deployment model that makes it easier to use services and the overall platform. Government departments, municipal courts and private enterprises will use this system.n
This represents one of the largest RCZ projects to date in West Africa. As technology evolves to awaken dormant human assets (such as time and attention), we can expect to see the effect of this technology in connecting more and more physical sites to the global digital economy.n