Block chain technology is expected to solve India’s election fraud problem


nnnnThe study shows that the electronic voting machine hardware and software are vulnerable, it is likely to be used to carry out illegal elections. However, in India, with the deep penetration of mobile phones and the special authentication system (Aadhaar), the block chain is expected to be a practical tool to solve voter fraud and reduce voting identification and approval issues.n
nnTranslation: Sun Liwan
nThe Indian Elections Commission organized an electronic voting machine hacker marathon earlier this month, and it may not be the first to start, but the rumors of bribery of electronic voting machines by political parties have made people lose their trust. Research shows that the electronic voting machine hardware and software are vulnerable, it is likely to be used to carry out illegal elections.n
nThrough the network and encryption, contemporary and emerging technologies are seeking a solution to the core of the voting system technology facilities. In the global voting and other public facilities, the emerging technology sector chain at different stages of practice. Because of its special trust attributes, transparency and invariance, the system is expected to ease the voting process, such as in the political process. In India, with the enhanced infrastructure and growing interest, ECI’s time to explore the block chain is already ripe and it will likely become a substitute for electronic voting machines.n
nBlock chains can be viewed as an unchangeable, transparent, permanent public account. Each transaction is recorded in the books, in the form of bulletin boards. Each transaction adds a transaction to the chain, and each block is evaluated by the user on the chain, using them to get a consistent algorithm. Unlike placing in a single location, each user’s server will store the block chain, so no one can use other people can not find the way to modify the books. Although the block chain was invented in order to deal with financial transactions, it was characterized as an effective way to support voting systems.n
nIn the block chain vote, a transaction is like a vote. With the public key, several block chains can guarantee the security of the voting process and user information at the same time. In the digital ballot box, the ballot will be arbitrarily arranged more than three times, so as to ensure that the voter’s identity is not disclosed. After the vote is closed, an independent block chain application is created to count the votes in the digital ballot box. As long as the online voting system is operating correctly, the block chain will correspond to the block chain of the bulletin board. Block chains are transparent and decentralized to ensure that they are not monopolized and the process is always visible. Moreover, the combination of audit trail and public key cryptography solves the problem of audibility.n
nSome countries have been experimenting with block-chain technology in areas of voting and other public facilities. As early as a few years ago, Australia had announced plans to use the block chain to handle voting and began a prototype of the technology. In 2014, the Danish Freedom Union political parties used the block chain system for internal elections. Norway and Spain have also begun to adopt such a system. Malta, with a population of only 450,000, will soon be using block chains in landscaping, voting and other national operations.n
nIn South Korea, a community government applied a block-chain platform in a local fund vote, with about 9,000 tickets being submitted. The platform utilizes smart contracts to facilitate the voting process. Blocko, a Korean company that built the platform, claims that the technology is developed internally to help register data, voter information, voting content, and others on the chain.n
nIn India, with the deep penetration of mobile phones and the special authentication system (Aadhaar), block chains are expected to be practical tools to solve voter fraud and reduce voting identification and approval issues. Aadhaar card with electronic “Know Your Customer” specification has become mainstream. These decisive infrastructure elements can be used to implement block-chain solutions such as land registration, public-private contracts, and other service level agreements. By increasing investment and resources, the technology sector is also responding positively. For example, according to PwC’s financial technology report, in 2016, India established about 32 chain chain companies, and a total of only 23 before.n
nThe Reserve Bank of India’s research department has also developed a conceptual proof that the White Paper states that:n
nn”The results are very encouraging and people have confidence in the practice of block chain technology.”n
nnThere are several banks on the chain. Moreover, earlier this year, the National Bank of India has developed a national block chain bank alliance to build and implement a block chain program to minimize fraud and improve the efficiency of the banking system. This forward-looking study and the prototype design of the emerging technology provide an encouraging environment for other independent government agencies to help them explore and experiment with boldness.n
nAdmittedly, taking into account the potential threats to the current system, the new technology of the experiment must be able to make the system safe. By leveraging the dynamics of rapid growth of the block chain technology, ECI can conduct research, establish proof of concept, and establish end-to-end beta. This will not only help to understand the nuances of the block chain applied to the Indian voting system, but also answer key questions about compliance with voting rules and principles.n

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