IBM and Maersk set up blockchain supply chain company

nRunaway comment: January 16, the technology giant IBM together with the Danish shipping giant Maersk announced that they will cooperate to create a blockchain-based shipping and supply chain companies in the global supply chain from shipping to the port, from banks to all aspects of the customs area Commercialization of block chains. In addition to this cooperation blockchain project, both sides also invested in blockchain in different ways. The joint venture is expected to begin providing software solutions in the third quarter of 2018.n
nTranslation: Clovern
IBM and Danish transport logistics giant Maersk announced on January 16 that both parties will cooperate to create a blockchain-based shipping and supply chain company, but the company’s name has not yet been determined. The aim of this business is to commercialize the blockchain from the global supply chain, from shipping to ports, and from all aspects of the bank to the customs.n
Because blockchain technology can replace cumbersome and unsafe paperwork with secure and transparent digital recording, it can bring a special control approach to the logistics industry.n
Vincent Clerc, Maersk Chief Commercial Officer, will serve as chairman of the newly formed board of directors of the joint venture. In an official statement, he said:n
n”The potential of providing a neutral, open digital platform to exchange information in a safe and easy manner is enormous and will benefit all participants throughout the supply chain.”n
nThe company promised to finalize a new project by the end of last year. The public establishment of the new company was the result of the plans of the two companies over the past year, each of which invested in the blockchain in various ways. The joint venture hopes to begin providing software solutions in the third quarter of 2018.n

Dnata, IBM, pilot air blockchain

nRunaway Comment: The air transport industry is experimenting with blockchain to improve its supply chain tracking. The UAE, which has been very active in blockchain development, naturally will not miss this area, as local shipping company Dnata has announced that it has completed a proof of concept with a consortium such as IBM. The company’s executives underlined the success and necessity of the pilot, praising the technology’s role.n
nTranslation: Inan
Dnata, a provider of air and travel services in the Middle East, announced the completion of a proof-of-concept that aims to see the potential of the blockchain in the Dubai air cargo industry.n
Participants in the pilot project, including IBM, Emirates Innovation Lab and Flydubai Cargo, examined the potential of the blockchain to address various aspects of air cargo, including safety, operations and legal issues.n
This “successful” pilot was conducted on a jointly developed logistics platform that utilized blockchain for supply chain transactions to deliver from origin to final destination.n
Neetan Chopra, senior vice president of IT strategic services at Emirates Group, said blockchain technology and its potential are hard to understand or appreciate, saying:n
n”It is necessary to carry out such commercial experiments and experiments so that participants can experience the benefits of breakthrough technology in an on-site environment.”n
nPrior to this, SITA, an air transport IT company, has released a white paper detailing the use of smart contracts in the air transport industry. At the same time, Air France is also testing blockchain technology for supply chain tracking.n

Block chains, large data and the value of global trade


nnnRush when comment: the world today, the data were the world. Companies like Visa are one of the most valuable data sets on Earth, but the company will never disclose data about customers’ transactions, which may change with the emergence of a more open and centralized Internet. The combination of block chains and supply chains not only provides transparency for trade finance, but also realizes real-time transactions, and the relationship between block chains, large data and global trade is mutually reinforcing.n
nnTranslation: Nicolen
nMixing data is more valuable than fragmented data. About the global courier company, there is a legend, sometime in 2007, the company’s monthly orders fell sharply, and this happened just before the global economic downturn soon. The traditional economic forecast did not find the problem, but there were some visible trade finance data that showed that many contracts had been canceled, which brought us some warnings.n
nMacroeconomic forecasters and statistic analysts believe that trade data provides the most accurate window for the global economy. Trade finance data has been a notorious opaque part of the supply chain, but as more and more banks and software vendors have tested trade / supply chains and other digital platforms, we are now witnessing end-to-end digitization.n
nTraditionally, the supply chain uses outdated procedures, physical letters of credit, bills of lading and purchase orders to trade. Now the supply chain is rapidly digitizing, allowing this process to make information data easier to aggregate and access.n
n”Said Christian Lanng, chief executive officer of Tradeshift (trade finance and supply chain solutions in collaboration with HSBC and Santander)n
nn”In the next two to five years, we will see a large number of global data sets of digital, these data sets are from the line to the line. This also means that you can use different ways to trade, there are different The use of the same time you can use these data for research or other applications.n
nnTradeshift supports more than 100 different types of transactions, such as bills of lading, letters of credit, invoices, purchase orders and so on. Lanng said that one of the main reasons for the large amount of data aggregation is because of cloud computing, which also reduces the cost of the program. “All of this is built on an open and powerful platform, and we have an open API that allows us to build third-party applications that use that data.”n
nToday, the industry traverses alternative data that can be used to clean up and prepare for hungry asset managers and hedge funds. However, companies like Visa are one of the most valuable data sets on Earth, and the company will never disclose data about customers’ transactions. Maersk is also the case, Maersk hands more than half of the global supply chain snapshot.n
nSo when the supply chain platform and the use of shared ledgers will undoubtedly make these data more intuitive and detailed – and the question is that this will eventually make the platform easier to access it?n
nTony Nash, chief executive of Complete Intelligence, Inc., said the trade data set is a very good representation of global supply / demand, but trade finance is still a missing part.n
nn”Trade let us know what is happening in the supply chain, let us know exactly what the finished product situation, and today’s trade finance problems are very opaque, personal banking and trade finance companies really do not want to expose their trade financial data, So the public-oriented data on trade finance is really numbered. “n
nnn”I think the chain chain will bring some transparency to the total value of trade finance and the actual value, and we can let us trade in a more real-time way.There are many such information there is a delay, so you can not understand The progress of things. “n
nnn”There is no global source of information. We already have cargo data; we already have some service data and macro data for all of these currencies, and trade finance adds a very interesting one in terms of time and the cyclical impact of trade Floor.”n
nnThose who focus on the chain area of ​​the enterprise know that data privacy is a prerequisite, so it is necessary to run as many nodes as possible in participating banks. Professional data collection and curators are well aware of this fact. They see this potential and are paying close attention to this area.n
nAsset Management Industry Data Insight Tammer Kamel, Chief Executive Officer of Quandl, a well-known provider, said:n
nn”Almost all hedge fund customers are envious of the supply chain’s insight, although Quandl has some data to illustrate some of the reasons, but the gap still exists, and the adoption of block chains can make things clearer.”n
nnn”That is to say, most of the supply chain participants have a strong incentive to keep the details of the business in a state of secrecy.As in other areas, in this area, we are closely watching the block chain to take a look at by-products Will show what kind of powerful data. “n
nnBlock chain technology is well suited for development, and with different use cases being fully explored, there may be many changes in design. Amber Baldet, leader of JPMorgan’s block chain program, has created a highly secure, modified “Ethereum” public group called Quorum, which is intended for use by businesses. However, she says some blocks of chain use – and she takes global trade as an example – in the future may be dispersed in the huge user network to see more value.n
nBaldet said:n
nn”Everyone is concerned about the chain of supply chains on the chain if you only want the accounts receivable to flow or the credit is internalized – a relatively small number of banks between the markets – then you can use a business block Chain solutions specifically built for infrequently trusted participants. “n
nnn”But if you think that over time, you want to add tens of millions of terminal vendors in the chain chain supply chain, not just businesses, but also the actual suppliers and sizes of fabric Very small shop … any fully licensed chain begins to look more like a public chain.n
nnThis type of block chain, although not open to the whole world, but may be widely used, we will gradually see the safety / utility trade-offs. At some point, it seems to infiltrate the old Internet / internal network parameters that are usually presented by private chain opponents.n
nJeremy Epstein, CEO of Never Stop Marketing, spent some time thinking about the interaction between large data blocks and block chains and how to make full use of them. He argues that this phase of the block chain is similar to the company’s intranet in the late 1990s, both as exciting. Epstein said:n
nn”Over time, you will find that the real value is not to get permission, or the Internet version of the block chain.I think you will start to focus on the new supply chain built around these public chains.”n
nnHe pointed out that companies like Google and Facebook are currently in the leading position in man-made intelligence and machine learning, in part because they can get the most data. But this may change with the emergence of a more open and centralized Internet.n
nn”In the short term, big companies with large amounts of data will have an advantage, but I think we will see the value of the public chain and the convenience of innovation on it, which is the real difference.”n
nnn”As more and more small-scale participants begin to emerge, they create nodes and micro-applications, so collaboration will emerge as an example of the Kenya coffee supply chain node on the global coffee supply chain.”n
nnHe said:n
nn”Big companies can not innovate at the micro level because there is no value for big companies, but some entrepreneurs in Nairobi can suddenly, and the data on the public chain begins to explode, so if I want to analyze the global coffee market Progress, I can view the public chain, and can put my AI and machine learning algorithm on top.n
nnn”The more data you have is the winner, and there will be more and more data in the public chain, and no private organization or even a private ecosystem can compete with billions of people.”n

Forbes: block chain or will lead to more intelligent B2B market


nnnWhen the Internet boom has been going on for decades, many key industries have emerged many online B2B trading platform, promised to achieve the parties to the transaction more convenient electronic communication and transactions. But does it mean that existing B2B networks are more prosperous or depressed with the emergence of block-chain technology and the streamlining of processes, cutting costs and eliminating the potential of intermediaries?n
nnTranslation: Clovern
nDoes the emergence of block-chain technology mean the prosperity or depression of existing B2B networks? On the one hand, the block chain (a series of open global distributed books) is expected to ease and verify the organization and its customers, partners and suppliers to communicate with each other. On the other hand, the value proposition of the block chain is to eliminate the middle of the transaction, in order to achieve more independent exchanges.n
nAs the peak of the Internet has been around for decades, we have seen many of the key industries that have emerged as many online B2B trading platforms, promised to act electronically in the form of centers, suppliers, customers, and other parties involved Communication and trading. Some of the major trading platforms have also become important players within their industry.n
nToday, the block chain is entering the mainstream business. Recently, major technical participants, including Microsoft and Intel, have teamed together to build the so-called “Coco Framework” to provide companies with the performance, confidentiality, and performance needed to delegate assets and data to an invisible shared platform, Management and the required processing power.n
nDue to its global code embedded in a transparent and immutable “smart contract”, the block chain is expected to eliminate the transaction broker. Recently, I had the privilege of talking to Marco De Vries, senior director of product marketing for OpenText Business Network, which now oversees the industry’s long-standing B2B network like Covisint and ANX. For him, De Vries does not think that the block chain is a threat to the existing B2B network, but only as the previous technological revolution (such as XML), usually bring more complexity. He pointed out:n
nn”For a long time, we have seen a lot of stories about EDI and B2B outcomes, and even if the block chain is suddenly successful, it is likely that it will not apply to every aspect of the supply chain for some industries.” Many people predict that the AS2 standard Will replace the B2B network and our results for the AS2 network show that in fact many organizations are faced with more and more complex issues.It is difficult to keep up with all the changes.There are more than 50 different XML standards, And if I live in a lot of different industries, how can I get to know the development of the situation? I can not anticipate the field of managing my own chain.n
nnDe Vries said that the block chain can not exist completely in some virtual space. He said:n
nn”Even if you have a block chain, we also need to know the attribution of the recording system.It still needs to be stored in a place.If you want to send an order, or if you want to issue an alarm, how to achieve? , I can not see the area with my own chain of chains – the number is too much, there are millions or even billions of such areas, and it is another matter to protect them from attack.n
nnAt the same time, the block chain brings the potential to simplify and accelerate transactions between trading partners. “This undoubtedly enhances the traceability of high-value items or highly regulated goods (such as meat, poultry and medicines).” Although the first application of the block chain is digital money, he continues:n
nn”Entity supply chain applications have brought this technology to different levels.If I am in the retail industry and then order a batch of high-value porcelain (fragile) through the Internet of Things, this technology becomes more applicable, along with the supply chain Of the demand signal, as well as in different providers, freight, trains, ships in the collision sensor. Or, for example, if an item needs to be stored at a specific temperature, which is to detect the goods in the entire supply chain in the state “In the current chain of custody of damaged goods, he added,” I really can not see what happens in the whole process.n
nnIBM also agreed on the benefits of the digital market in a report released earlier this year. The authors observed that:n
nn”The block-chain digital market is where organizations predict major disruptive events.” Two-thirds of highly digitized companies expect the new block-chain market to trigger a huge subversion. “More and more organizations are expecting a higher percentage of their revenue to serve, making it easier to use digital markets that support point-to-point messaging and transactions based on block chains, which can automatically track consumption.”n
nnEnterprise supply chain managers have also seen the possibility of block chains. A recent survey by Chain Business Insights for 42 supply chain managers shows that 43% intend to introduce block-chain technology into their supply chains in the coming year, while another 20% say they are introducing blocks in the next two years Chain technology. The main advantages they have observed include improving the visibility and transparency of the supply chain (46%), while 24% are more concerned about the potential of the technology to cut transaction costs. 80% of respondents said that the block chain will play a role in tracking the movement of the product throughout the supply chain. While 60% of the respondents believe that the block chain can be used as a way to share information with suppliers. In addition, nearly 60% of the respondents believe that the block chain can be used as a purchase order to share payment information.n
nThe barriers to this technology include the lack of awareness and understanding of the technology (28%), and the lack of standard interoperability issues (28%). Chain Business Insights co-founder and head of Sherree DeCovny said:n
nn”There is still a long way to go before the technology is widely recognized, but the main features of this technology, such as product tracking and product certification chain chains, are likely to drive the technology in the near future. A higher level of knowledge. “n

Annual Report on Block Chains (4) – Information Security and Supply Chain


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Author: penciln

The block chain technology focuses on the integrity of digital assets, including the network, as well as data points, switches, routers, event records, binary configuration, real-time independent verification of network conditions to ensure information security. (As shown below)n
nChart information security verificationn
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nAnd IBM has been trying to speed up the realization of this technology, it developed a new framework to secure the operation of the chain chain network, IBM cloud platform launched a new service to meet the existing regulatory and security needs. Security is an important reason for blockline application barriers, and IBM has embarked on a solution to security requirements. They support block technology in terms of federal information processing standards (FIPS 140-2) and industry assessment assurance levels (EAL) Financial services and health care applications. The company has been a member of the Linux Foundation Hyperledger project, has released 44,000 codes to deal with the various environments, and has begun to provide services on its cloud platform Bluemix to help developers quickly build block applications using block technology.n
nBlock chain technology is a new thing for the market, IBM has begun to study the release of new products, such as Linux can only run on the security server to launch cloud services and BaaS, to develop their own niche market. In addition, IBM is also trying to expand its global audience, they opened an innovation center in Singapore, to speed up the block chain technology in the Asia-Pacific region’s financial and trade industry. The company has partnered with the Singapore Economic Development Agency (EDB) and the Singapore Monetary Authority (MAS) to help IBM improve its customer base in the chain chain market. In order to rank among the block chain markets, IBM opened IBM Bluemix Garage in New York in 2016 to allow developers to join the development of block chain technology.n
nForm IBM’s recent development resultsn
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nSource: Company website, newsn
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n5. Supply chain: traceabilityn
nBlock-chain technology has the potential to subvert supply chain management and can be used for supply chain data validation, managed chains, and ensuring regulatory compliance controls on food products and other items. Block chains can record and ensure information security, including the number of items, quality and other traceable information. In 2016, IBM released a platform to test online book technology to track high-value goods that were transferred in the supply chain.n
nThe world-renowned wine expert Maureen Downey, along with Everledger, used block-chain technology to create a wine security and anti-counterfeiting system called Chai Wine Vault to improve the origin of the wine industry. This bottle of Margaux in 2001 was certified to be protected in the Chai Wine Vault system. The system uses a Maureen Downey method (TCM) to certify a bottle of wine and needs to collect more than 90 data points, high resolution photos, owner or owner status and storage records. Everledger collects all of this information and uses block-chain technology to create a permanent digital file. Every time a wine is circulated in the supply chain, the owner’s identity and storage records are updated. Licensed retailers, wholesalers, auction houses and warehouses can find digital records of wine and view source sources.n
nThe value of the wine verified by this system may increase over the next few years. The Chai Wine Vault system, based on the Linux Foundation Hyperledger fabric, is authenticated and protected by IBM block chain technology to help increase transparency, security, and efficiency in an authorized environment.n
nForm IBM’s solutionn
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nSource: Company website, newsn
nAs a leader in the diamond security verification industry, Everledger’s focus in the past year has been to ensure that every diamond source in the chain chain has been encrypted with 1,000,000 stone data. Diamond certificates are often threatened by tampering, the reliability of their sources is also affected, the wine industry has the same problem, the urgent need for a more secure and transparent way to protect their identity and source information reliability. In the premium wine industry, it is estimated that 20% of international sales from fake wine, information tampering and fraud problems affect the wine supply chain in all aspects.n
nIn addition, Wal-Mart is also working with IBM to use block-chain technology to track food sources. Pork and American supermarket goods in the Chinese market are two large quantities of commodities in the large market and the core of the Wal-Mart block chain pilot project, from which the principles and application methods of the block chain can be understood. The project will use the block-chain system based on the Hyperadeger of IBM’s open source platform to record the identity and transaction data of each agency involved in pork processing.n
nLike other retailers, Wal-Mart has been trying to improve the transparency and traceability of the food supply chain for many years, but growers, packaging workers, suppliers, etc. do not always mention the data they need. Part of the reason is that technology is too complex, such as computers and RFID chips. Yiannas, who has been working on food safety technology for decades, says it is unrealistic to equip each packaging shop with a computer.n
nSet up the supply chain in the block chain book, you can track all the data, a few minutes you can get the relevant data, rather than a few days. Such a system can improve Wal-Mart’s supply chain efficiency by reducing packaging waste by identifying packaging information and reducing food storage time.n

SAP chief strategy officer believes that the block chain is not zero-sum game


nnnnDeepak Krishnamurthy, chief strategy officer of German software company SAP, said that the block chain is not a zero-sum game and can benefit many companies. He believes that the chain chain is conducive to improving its supply chain, to create value for the company and customers, and revealed that SAP is also concerned about a variety of other innovative technologies, the future will focus on these new technologies.n
nnTranslated by: Inan
nDeepak Krishnamurthy, chief strategy officer for German software company SAP, said on Wednesday that the block chain is not a zero-sum game, and that it is beneficial to the business as a whole.n
nDuring the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in Dalian in June, Krishnamurthy told CNBC that the chain chain would improve SAP’s supply chain business. He said:n
nn”We believe that the block chain will improve our supply chain and we have the largest supply chain business in the enterprise software industry, so linking the chain chain supply chain to the SAP supply chain will create value for our customers.”n
nnEarlier this year, SAP introduced a block-as-a-service (BaaS) product, which is part of the Leonardo product line that integrates and runs groundbreaking technology on the cloud.n
nThe block chain is a term for distributed digital books that can be safely recorded and stored on a peer-to-peer network. It eliminates the need for intermediaries, and industry stakeholders say it can speed up the process and make it more cost-effective. It is also a support technology for digital currencies (such as Bitcoin and Ether Square).n
nKrishnamurthy said the adoption of the technology will benefit from companies such as SAP by automating a large number of paper transactions. He said:n
nn”Letters of credit, contracts, smart contracts, etc. will be automated, which will create net worth for SAP and customers, which is not a zero-sum game.”n
nnFor example, technology companies, financial institutions and banks are exploring the use of block chains to deal with domestic and international payments and to promote global trade in small and medium-sized enterprises.n
nBlock chains are not the only technology that SAP is concerned about. Krishnamurthy explained that the company is also studying other areas of internal innovation.n
n”Our policy is to continue to drive organic growth,” he said. “We will take advantage of these innovations on the SAP Leonardo platform, such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, block chains and networking.n

Commerzbank and Fraunhofer IML Cooperative Block Chain Trade Financing Project


nnnFraunhofer IML, the most authoritative logistics planning and research organization in Europe, cooperates with German commercial bank Commerzbank to develop future supply chains based on block chains and smart contracts. Combine IoT with block chains to make transactions faster and safer, creating miracles for liquidity management. For customers to explore a variety of digital logistics solutions, the use of block chain will be the financial supply chain and physical supply chain together.n
nnTranslation: Annie_Xun
nCooperzbank and Fraunhofer IML, Fraunhofer Institute for Material Flow and Logistics (IML), the “Future Supply Chain” project, involving block chains and automated processes based on the technology – smart contracts.n
nThe agency combines its expertise in the supply chain area and the most lively technology in the field, namely, the digitization of trade finance and the tracking of goods through real-time input of distributed books.n
nFraunhofer IML pointed out that the future of global trade will be popular “talking” containers. The combination of IoT and block chains will make transactions faster and safer, creating miracles for liquidity management.n
nCommelzbank Trade Finance and Cash Management

Port: The impact of block chains on the supply chain is far beyond the surface


nnnRumble commentary: According to CoinDesk reported last week, the port of Antwerp in Europe has launched its first block chain pilot project. On the surface, this seems to be just another step in shifting the supply chain to the block chain platform, but its influence is far more than that. Increasing complexity of the shipping industry, cumbersome paperwork and port storms, such as the impact of the industry at the same time, also spread to the global trade, block chain applications can provide a solution to enhance the industry’s key business security Sex and integrity. And it is expected that the industry is likely to carry out more block chain test projects.n
nnTranslation: Clovern
nCoinDesk reported last week that the port of Antwerp in Europe has launched its first block chain pilot project.n
nOn the surface, this seems to be another step in shifting the supply chain to the block chain platform, but its greater influence may eventually appear in other ways.n
nLinking the project to the other two recent trends (increased container transport integration and increased security risks) will begin to understand how the pilot project will help eliminate the growing complexity of the industry while consolidating it in the world economy The role of.n
nn
nPier filen
nThe container transport industry is working to address the worst financial crisis that it has faced in its sixty years. With the slowdown in world trade, coupled with overcapacity, the volume and rate of container transport have declined, in recent years, the industry growth rate dropped sharply. And this situation seems to be in the short term there will not be much improvement.n
nIn order to solve this problem, large shipping companies have formed an alliance to “share” the space of the container ship. Then it is not difficult to imagine the archives caused by the chaotic state. According to the Port Authority, the paperwork now accounts for half of the cost of container transportation.n
nAll participants on the chain chain platform can access and validate documents in real time, eliminating costly duplication of work and errors, reducing costs, encouraging more trade, and providing a driving force for shipping ecosystems.n
nAlthough the port is only a part of the shipping process, but it is essential, but also may be a bottleneck in the shipping process. Bill of lading and transport contract in the port after several hands, freight forwarders unloading the container and sent to the next stop of the journey. However, data errors and inconsistent formats will delay the entire process, so that the goods are not necessary for a long time to stay in the port.n
nn
nThe port suffered a stormn
nThe terminal is also a place where security problems are prone.n
nThe block chain platform in Antwerp is primarily intended to solve a particular problem: assigning a unique identification code to a container waiting to be received, and the identification code will go past the container before it reaches the intended carrier. And the solution ensures that only the designated agent can get permission to take the goods, and the distribution of information can prevent any attempt to manipulate the behavior of information data.n
nWhile this is a more basic example, port security issues around the world are exacerbating the recent events that have taken place. Earlier this week, the shipping giant Maersk Group suffered a cyber attack, which affected all of its business areas, including its port operations, some of which had to be temporarily shut down.n
nWhen you take into account the supply chain of the synchronization process, even if the temporary closure of part of the process, will lead to major business interruption, the world will have a chain reaction.n
nThere is no doubt that the global maritime center is aware of the chain-chain platform of the distributed network can enhance the security and integrity of key business. Although the Antwerp project is focused on a specific use case, but then it is likely to carry out other test items. Europe’s largest port, Rotterdam, is also working on a block-chain solution for the logistics industry.n
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nContinue to loadn
nIn view of the global nature of the shipping industry, the interlinkages between the different aspects of the logistics business and the common problems shared by most operators, there is still no international block chain alliance of ports and air carriers, which is somewhat difficult to understand.n
nOnce such an alliance has emerged, the work that has already begun will undoubtedly reveal the further application of distributed categorical accounting techniques, which will help solve some of the industry’s dilemmas. The shipping industry is facing too many dilemmas, and the poor shipping industry will hinder global economic growth.n
nBlock-based platforms help to improve the efficiency of the supply chain and thus promote global trade. But the potential of the block chain platform is far more than this. This is related to strengthening the business model and security of these key links in the supply chain. If the port to adapt to the lack of capacity, then the world trade bundled with the chain is also difficult to maintain.n

Defend Boundary with Block Chain: Former US Vice President Adviser Calls for Action


nnnIn Washington, DC, the “Defense for Democracy Foundation” issued a new study note detailing how block-chain technology can prevent malicious tampering of hardware components from being applied to important national security infrastructures. And pointed out that national defense security depends entirely on the Department of Defense will not be able to support the United States in the global economic status. Combined with block-chain technology and artificial intelligence, can greatly compensate for the existing security security measures.n
nnTranslation: Annie_Xun
nSoon the new digital forensics will prevent hostile countries from destroying the equipment of the defense sector.n
nThe US Foundation for Defense of Democracies issued a new study note detailing how block-chain technology can prevent malicious tampering of hardware components from being applied to important national security infrastructures.n
nAlthough the Foundation’s Center for Sanctions and Illicit Finance issued a document to protect US defense, its principles apply to any country where supply chain transactions are large.n
nBy Samantha Ravich, former US Vice President Dick Cheney’s National Security Adviser and former US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) project manager, Michael Hsieh, described that the use of “source-proven” hardware would threaten US “physical Safety”.n
n(Leveraging Blockchain Technology to Protect the National Security Industrial Base from Supply Chain Attacks): “Leveraging Blockchain Technology to Protect the National Security Industrial Base from Supply Chain Attacks”n
nn”The continued globalization of the manufacturing supply chain will continue to drive productivity-dominated global wide-ranging economic growth, but at the same time bring an urgent survival challenge to national security because of the complexity of the national security industrial base (NSIB) Production and assembly of the United States to rely on advanced technology, large-scale economic espionage activities. “n
nnThe memo is aimed at non-technical readers who describe that the chain-chain technology can change the legacy of acquiring international merchandise to identify the source of any commodity that NSIB uses.n
nIt is stated that the perpetrators of such threats are involved in the cyber-economic warfare, undermining hostile national economies and “weakening their political and military forces.” The so-called “strategic” attack is through hardware to destroy the country’s entire infrastructure, and its malicious purpose “is often carefully confused.”n
nn
nFog in the lightn
nAccording to the US-China Economic Security Review Commission and the Senate Armed Services Committee, the document specifically states that Afghanistan and other countries have this initiative.n
nThe author of the memo calls that to eliminate the ambiguity of high volume, standardization and lack of records, the supply chain data should be migrated to the block chain on a large scale, combined with artificial intelligence to constantly scan the crime.n
nFor example, the document cited the audit report of the Special Investor General of the Afghanistan Reconstruction, which revealed that despite the “blacklist”, a group of bomb makers still cooperated with supply chain contractors.n
n”Infected components are also likely to enter the domestic civil infrastructure because civilian firms are facing the same supply chain risk,” the authors write. “In a conflict, the weakness of the domestic economy will not only weaken domestic morale but also disrupt the main material support of the US military “n
nn”The easiest way to remove a known bad guy is to use a dynamic trading chart based on a block chain.”n
nnn
nCalled for actionn
nThe authors reaffirmed the policy recommendations of the Defense Science Board in April 2017, which did not mention block or distributed book technology, and gave their own suggestions and warnings.n
nFirst, it is recommended that you organize a “community” that is familiar with the technology and conduct small-scale trials; develop a “general contractor” that is willing to accept the “block-based chain-based payment system”; follow the contractor’s information to upgrade the privacy of the Federal Department of Federal Regulations Requirements (DFAR, Defense Federal Acquisition Regulations).n
nAt the end of the report, footnote refers to supply chain companies that support some of its chain areas, such as BlockVerify in the pharmaceutical sector, Everledger, Provenance in the diamond industry.n
nSecond, the author suggested “to cooperate with the industry to take legislative and regulatory initiatives.”n
nn
nRegulatory warningn
nThe recommendations in the footnotes include warnings that require US government agencies to protect citizens’ privacy laws that may equally apply to contractors using such supply chains.n
nn”To clarify possible conflicts in the interpretation of existing federal procurement regulations to ensure compliance with any pilot project”.n
nnThe author concludes:n
nn”Protecting the NSIB supply chain is a system engineering challenge for the new dimension. In fact, the current problem is to monitor business activities, and if you rely solely on the Department of Defense, you can only become the world’s 20th largest economy. Block chain technology is still new, the risk should not be overlooked, but also contains great potential, is particularly suitable for this complex single problem tool.n

Change the strength of the block chain


nnnRush when comment: understanding of the block chain and other technological innovation, and its potential for change. The Australian government has recently released a chain of chain science research in the 2016 budget. Stressed that Australia wants to become a global block chain technology leader. And New Zealand’s power in agricultural production and commodity supply chain management offers tremendous opportunities for agricultural block chain solutions. Chain-chain research in the supply chain and food sector has been carried out globally.n
nnTranslation: Annie_Xun
nAt the same time referred to the block chain and agriculture, can not help but think of heavy chain dragged the work of agricultural vehicles picture.n
nIt seems that this is a metaphor. As with the physical chain, the block chain directly connects the parties to achieve rapid, safe and borderless transactions.n
nBlock chains are often confused with digital currency bitmaps and “dark” encryption networks, which are often seen as esoteric and even horrific.n
nThis is very unfortunate. In fact, the chain of chains will change the way buyers and sellers connect, no matter where they are in the world. And can greatly improve the product source and sales process transparency, even if it becomes part of the finished product.n
nThink fast, safe, transparent, low cost, point-to-point transactions.n
nThe ability of block chains to record and store data makes it ideal for food source applications that meet the massive data requirements of fine agricultural applications for future sensors and digital network connections.n
nThe potential to eliminate the inefficiency of traditional agricultural supply chains will also affect the strategic thinking and positioning of agricultural companies. In fact, the block chain can completely reshape the way the New Zealand market sells and records the source of the exported product.n
nKevin Cooney said that New Zealand agriculture should pay close attention to the development of block-chain technology to ensure that the technology may be able to seize the value of the technology may be unlocked at any time.n
nBlockbuster solutions founder Kickr’s CEO David Cassidy sums up the inevitability of the chain chain, “those who still think about the chain chain is a popular or long-term business architecture part of the people in the dark.”n
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nSo what is the block chain?n
nIn simple terms, the block chain forms a trusted network for the sale of goods. The technology itself is a digital chain, each of which is a database backup, echo certification or trusted business users.n
nThe distribution of this database across all users is more powerful than the traditional centralization of a single database that is currently dependent on the enterprise. Its point-to-point management so that it can meet the needs of traceability at any time.n
nThe block chain database synchronizes and updates every transaction that occurs in the network. No one can modify the data is not being perceived and audited by others, it is tamper resistant, so the security is extremely high.n
nCombined with other software, such as smart contracts, block chain users can get the following benefits:n
nn1, the top of the deal can be real real-time transactions, do not need to rely on brokers (such as banks, trading institutions and clearing houses)n
n2, no border transactionsn
n3, the automatic implementation of the contract, real-time elimination of credit riskn
n4, counterparty authenticationn
n5, ultra-high transparency and safe record trackingn
n6, low transaction costsn
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nHow does the farmer use it?n
nEarly-based agricultural product trade tests based on block chains show that direct sales of crops to end users are high-speed, safe, and safe for food safety and sources.n
nAt the coast of Tasman, the Commonwealth Bank of Australia (CBA) has recently been involved in the integration of block-and-sensor technology. CBA worked with a US banking organization to help US cotton traders sell cotton to its marketing department in Australia.n
nThe cotton traders do not follow the usual manual credit process waiting for CBA payment, but through the sensor real-time tracking of goods, automatically trigger the goods to verify, and then automatically pay the purchase price.n
nThe block chain provides a higher degree of certainty and reduces the error that will usually take a few days to complete the task with only a few minutes.n
nThink of the possibility of a block-chain solution integrated with data acquisition devices using Internet of Things technology. Buyers may be able to access real-time data on farms and downstream logistics, and know the quantity, quality and status of agricultural products or livestock inspection and quarantine and prices. This efficiency can undermine the information advantage that some intermediaries rely on to exploit the share of profits. Customers and end users will welcome the technology.n
nWal-Mart, one of the world’s largest retailers, uses a large number of data categories for the use of block chains for food recall management.n
nAfter the customer complains, it takes at least a few days, or even weeks, to track the traditional method of retailer from the beginning of the shipment. But Wal-Mart believes that the use of block-chain database, you can determine in detail the origin of the problem food, who completed the product inspection, as well as each packaging situation.n
nThe authenticity of the data and the detailed realization of the enterprise and consumers can trust the product recall strategy.n
nTracking the recall of individual food packaging to Wal-Mart to save money than many stores throughout the product line process to be much more.n
nAlthough the block chain has just developed, but with the practical application of development, people on the block chain of enthusiasm increased.n
nLetting trusted organizations have a seamless and transparent transaction at low cost to consumers of future concerns about food sources and quality, and our large food consumer groups need simple and transparent solutions for food waste and supply chain efficiency management.n
nNew Zealand’s strength in agricultural production and commodity supply chain management gives us the opportunity to develop food and agricultural block chain solutions that can connect, shorten and improve the global supply chain.n
nHowever, if we can not try to understand the technological innovation of the block chain and its potential to change the global agricultural supply chain and services, we will have the risk of losing the strategic position. Industry, government and the entire supply chain cooperation is very important.n
nAustralia knows this. The Australian government has recently released a chain of chain science research in the 2016 budget. Stressed that Australia wants to become a global block chain technology leader, the study found that supply chain management, including trade finance reform, is a potential sector chain use case. So explore the possibility of co-development of business use cases by companies and regulators.n
nNew Zealand should note that we must strengthen the development of world-class national ecosystems, use all the necessary elements to build the best agricultural environment, lay the foundation for the base application.n
nBlock chains may be an important part of New Zealand’s agriculture gaining more profits.n