Use the block chain to govern the Niger Delta


nnnIn the United States nonprofit Sustainability International has been working to help African countries out of poverty, and its founders propose new ways to block chains in order to manage oil pollution in Ogononil. Because the local governance has been hampered by deep-rooted social reasons, and the characteristics of the block chain is conducive to solving these problems. This concept echoes the current initiative of the global community of social organizations to actively use the block chain, which is worthy of further study.n
nnTranslated by: Inan
nIn the southeastern part of Nigeria, the area on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea called Ogoniland is one of the most polluted areas in the world. Shell and other companies have been working in the Niger Delta for more than half a century of oil drilling to keep the creek, marshes, fisheries and mangroves in the region covered with dark crude. According to a 2011 report by the United Nations, despite some cleanup, some areas of the region have been polluted for 40 years after the oil spill.n
nEnvironmental damage is a pervasive problem in the area of ​​1,000 square kilometers of Ogononi, which is equivalent to about one-third of the total area of ​​about 390 square miles or Rhode Island. This situation destroyed the livelihood of the farmers and fishermen in the surrounding villages, and the unemployed young people, who had a long history, began to undermine the pipeline and cause other disasters. Damage to the pipeline will lead to more oil spills, and political corruption and local distrust of the outside world further impede aid.n
nChinyere Nnadi, founder and chief executive officer of Sustainability International, a US nonprofit organization that aims to reduce poverty in Africa, says it is his wish to govern the environment in the Niger Delta and solve the economic hardship of local villagers. His family came from Nigeria, he remembered the holidays in the local village – no electricity, no way to shop, armed robbers and destroyed crops. Nnadi realized that to achieve any real progress, we must first fight corruption and build trust, as other groups have tried to control local oil pollution in a variety of ways.n
nNnadi said in an interview with “Wharton Knowledge Online”n
nn”I am very concerned about this issue because it is related to the history of my family, which seems to be just as simple as solving an environmental problem from an external point of view, but at the social level, you will find that the root of the problem lies in institutional corruption and the actual community “Napi said he realized that to solve the problem,” we must take a new way of doing things, “he said.n
nnn”What we want to do is to improve the enthusiasm of the local people so that they have new skills or new tools to support their communities.”n
n- Chinyere Nnadin
nnn
nFight against corruptionn
nNnadi said the new way is the block chain. This is a decentralized virtual book, the above records are validated, can not be changed, and open to the public – if everyone is staring at the books, who do what natural at a glance. To this end, his nonprofit organization is working with the “Blockchain for Social Impact Coalition (BSIC).” BSIC last month by the block chain technology software company ConsenSys launched. Ben Siegel, ConsensSys’ influence policy manager,n
nn”Block chains are important because people do not need to trust each other and just trust the tools.”n
nnAccording to a report in May 2017, hundreds of block-based chain-based solutions track numerous events: whether voters, raw material acquisitions are ethical, and whether a bottle of champagne really comes from French champagne. But the report also pointed out some of the shortcomings of the technology. For example, while public records can be placed on a chain chain, sensitive financial records can cause problems. It is now hard to match people with records, but future decryption techniques will make it easier. The report says:n
nn”Some sensitive information should not be stored in distributed books.”n
nnHowever, for Nnadi, its goal is to address Nigeria’s accountability and corruption.

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