HS2 Railway Future: Block Chain, Li-Fi and others

nnn(HS2) project since the announcement has been more interesting, but also led to a lot of controversy. This paper presents the views of some engineering experts, depicting the future of the railway industry, emphasizing the role of the new technology in this blueprint. Experts pointed out that the block chain in the future of the railway construction is the biggest role in the data and information security sharing, which is the technology is currently one of the most noteworthy applications.n
nnTranslated by: Inan
nIn 2026, the first train on the HS2 railroad line – between London and Birmingham – will be available. Last week, the Y-Rail project issued some important announcements, which include not only London and Birmingham, but also Manchester and Leeds, which will create about 16,000 jobs.n
nThe discussion on the project is mainly about its contract, the winning company and the demolition of houses for the construction of high-speed rail. It raises some controversy, the union is very optimistic about its prospects, but some people worry that the project will exceed the budget and postponed.n
nBut one question that everyone has not explored is when the new train will be built (assuming they can be built on time) How will technology affect the world’s railways in the next 10 to 15 years? Experts believe that these changes will gradually appear over time, involving many aspects, from the train on the leisure activities to the supply chain.n
nThe construction of railways and the purchase of trains are huge sums of money (HS2 is expected to cost more than £ 50 billion). From Japan’s Shinkansen to South Africa’s Gautrain, the foundation is similar. So, as modern trains are becoming more modular and interchangeable, the industry is developing slowly to ensure safety standards.n
nJohn Easton, an engineer at Birmingham University, explains:n
nn”For obvious reasons, the industry is to avoid risks, so the railway does not change as quickly as other industries, and it takes two or three decades to buy a train.”n
nnBut people like Easton predicted that the industry will be driven by technology will change dramatically.n
nEaston said that unmanned and artificial intelligence progress will be of great significance, but even in 2026, some things still need people to deal with. He adds that people will continue to use the battery or hydrogen, dynamic energy-driven train research, and explore the concept of energy conservation from the perspective of movement (for example, passengers stop at the station, but the passenger’s seat separated).n
nWith the development of mobile electronic payments (such as NFC), paper tickets will certainly become history within a decade. Car Wi-Fi may be replaced by Li-Fi, and Li-Fi works with light and is faster. Easton believes that some companies will be through the rearrangement of seats (using folding seats) to maximize the car’s space. The future will also appear more digital services, train design and materials used will also be some significant changes. But if the current trend down, the real change will be more secret, that large-scale data to be large-scale application. This will affect everything, from how long the system can recover from the failure to the retail of the site, from the operator (or even the business competitor) how to share information to the passengers daily travel behavior.n
nIf the trust and privacy barriers can be overcome, the train operator will be able to collect data through the mobile phone or Fitbit to plan the supply of the train or to ease the congestion at peak times, for example, to get farther at the station.n
nEaston, in collaboration with the Birmingham Center for Railway Research and Education, said big data would make a wide range of information available on all platforms.n
nDuring the time of building HS2, the so-called semantic webs may mature and allow the computer program (and its users) to better interpret and apply mixed data streams from different channels. This can increase the proportion of data used in operational decisions.n
nEaston explains that, simply, if you are writing a recipe software, you may be stupid in words like “jelly” because it is dessert in the UK and jam in the United States. A new generation of technology will understand and understand the use of the context and unlock the value of large data.n
nThe block chain also seems to play an important role in the future train.n
nThe block chain is an online book that allows parties to secure (encrypted) transactions without a middleman or central organization. Each transaction will be encrypted records and storage, you can without confidence in the case of safe value exchange.n
nAlthough there are some major obstacles to block chains that need to be overcome, from institutional resistance to proving that they can be successfully expanded, their real-life experiments (especially those that manage land registration) are already in progress and many companies are investing in blocks Chain research. The new economy is booming, but people are worried that this will be the same as the bubble in the Internet age.n
nWhen it comes to block chains, it is said that intermediaries will be largely unemployed, while others argue that items (such as locomotives) will have a degree of autonomy, manage their own energy consumption and pay for, synchronize with other network users, and Arrange your own maintenance.n
nPeople are exploring the use of block chains to turn all connected devices into point-of-sale, which may change ticketing, perhaps in kilometers per kilometer, and allow the use of digital money to pay.n
nTom Kirkham, a computer scientist at The Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC), argues that areas of concern include:n
nnSensor technology, retailing of the train station and the behavioral changes that people have to reduce congestion and manage passenger traffic. The key is to share (on social media) and collect personal data (through the web or sensor).n
nnKirkham said:n
nn”If you can change people’s behavior, then you can also increase the capacity of the railway.If you can make people more than six o’clock instead of five o’clock travel, you can reduce some of the system pressure, so use these data and Creating some form of motivation or encouraging people to get to the station through Fitbit can increase the capacity of the railway.n
nnEaston and Kirkham are experts in large data and high performance computing, and they have discovered other potential applications for block chains. For engineers interested in the supply chain, the block chain can improve or replace existing tracking and verification components (such as steel or wheels) or events such as those that occur in projects such as HS2.n
nSmart contracts (procedures that respond to real-world events) ensure immediate payment, resolve disputes more quickly and make maintenance more targeted. You will no longer need to audit, just look at the block chain record can be.n
nRed Hat chief security architect Mike Bursell said that this feature will be more meticulous.

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